It is bounded on the north by the Province
of Albay, on the east and northeast by the Pacific Ocean, on the south
by the San Bernardino Strait and the west and northwest by the Ticao
and Burias Passes.The Province of Sorsogon is located at the southernmost
tip of the Bicol Peninsula.
The province has an irregular coastline
with good harbors in Bulan, Magallanes and along the shore of Sorsogon
Bay. It covers an area of 2,119.0 square kilometers.
Mountains sprawl along the northeastern part of the province.
The tallest peak is Mount Bulusan, an active volcano 1560 above the
sea level, Lake Bulusan lies on its slopes.
The major rivers are the Cawayan River in Sorsogon town and the Putiao
River in Pilar.
The capital town lies on the slender rock of land that joins the province´s
two parts separated by Sorsogon Bay. Except for landlocked Irosin,
all the towns lie along the coast.
Sorsogon has 14 municipalities, one city and
541 barangays with two congressional districts.
a population of 650,535 in May 1, 2000, it had a population density
of 307.0 persons per square kilometer. Sorsogon was the fastest growing
province in the region with an average annual growth rate of 2.04
percent between 1995 and 2000.
Bicolano is the predominant dialect but because
it is a gateway to the Visayas, their version is a unique mixture
of Visayan and Bicol dialects
The eastern half of the province has no dry
seasons but with very pronounced maximum rain period from November
to January, while the western half has rainfall more or less evenly
distributed throughout the year.
Sorsogon lies at the hearth of the typhoon belt.
The fertile soil due to past volcanic eruptions and year round rainfall
make Sorsogon a major producer of abaca. It is said the province produces
the best hemp in all of Bicol. Other crops widely grown are coconut
The province also has a significant fishing industry as rich fishing
grounds surround it.
Deposits of sulphur, kaolin, limestone and coal are largely untapped.
Its rich marine resources yield various products such as fish, crabs,
clams, mollusks and seaweeds.
1570, Fathers Alonzo Jimenez and Juan Orta of the Augustinan ORder
led a group sent to explore the island of Luzon. Upon reaching its
southern shores, they found a small fishing village at the mouth of
Ginangra River in what is now Magallanes town. The village, called
Gibalong by its residents, became the first Christian settlement in
Luzon. Later, the friars called the whole Bicol region "Tierra
When the Spaniards had settled in Gibalong, they set out to further
explore inland. Upon reaching a small river emptying into what is
now Sorsogon Bay, they asked a native they met for the name of the
place. The native, not understanding Spanish and thinking they were
asking for directions, answered, "Solsogon" meaning "trace
the river by going upstream". Through constant use, Solsogon
Sorsogon was established as a province on October 17, 1894.
is known for its historic and panoramic places such as the "baluartes"
in Sta. Magdalena, Bacon, Matnog, Casiguran and Bulusan; the "Tulong
Gapo" and Rizal Beaches in Bacon and Gubat, respectively; the
Irosin Church in Irosin; the tranquil Bulusan Lake and the geologically
young Bulusan Volcano in Bulusan.